Vietnamese language and culture: Nature and women in contemporary Vietnamese female prose seen from ecological feminism - 1

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING

UNIVERSITY OF Pedagogy of Ho Chi Minh City

ROYAL LE ANH LY

“Natural” AND “WOMEN

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IN VIETNAM'S PROFESSIONAL FEMALE PERSONAL VIEW FROM ECOLOGY FEELING

Major: Vietnamese Literature Code: 62 22 01 21

Vietnamese language and culture: Nature and women in contemporary Vietnamese female prose seen from ecological feminism - 1

THESIS THESIS OF VIETNAM LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

SCIENTIFIC GUIDE: Assoc.Prof.Dr. NGUYEN THANH THI

Ho Chi Minh City – In 2022

GUARANTEE

I hereby declare that this is my own research work. The data and research results in the thesis are honest and have never been published in any other research work.

Author

Hoang Le Anh Ly

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Cover page Acknowledgment of Contents

INTRODUCTION 1

CHAPTER 1. ECO-FERENCES AND RESEARCH ISSUES OF ECO-RIGHTS IN COMPREHENSIVE VIETNAMESE WOMEN'S LITERATURE 6

1.1. Ecofeminism and the potential of eco-feminist criticism in literary studies 6

1.1.1. Eco-feminism and eco-feminism 6

1.1.2. Schools of Ecofeminism 8

1.1.3. Features of eco-feminism 10

1.1.4. The potential of eco-feminist criticism in literary studies 22

1.2. Overview of the research situation of contemporary Vietnamese women's prose from

ecological feminism 29

1.2.1. In terms of theoretical introduction 29

1.2.2. On the practice of ecological feminist criticism 35

1.2.3. The application of ecological feminist criticism in literary research 37

Sub-conclusion 39

CHAPTER 2. ISSUES OF "WOMEN'S RIGHTS" AND "ECOLOGY" ISSUES IN VIETNAMESE WOMEN'S COMPOSITIONS: A DIVINE VIEW 41

2.1. The issue of "feminism" in the works of Vietnamese female authors: a look

date 41

2.1.1. The emergence and establishment of a sense of "feminism" in Vietnamese women's literature

South from the beginning of the 18th century to the end of the 19th century 41

2.1.2. The issue of "feminism" in modern Vietnamese women's literature in the 20th century to the present

1975 46

2.1.3. The issue of "feminism" in Vietnamese women's literature from 1975 to present 54

2.2. The issue of "ecology" in the works of Vietnamese female authors - one

look at the calendar 62

2.2.1. The formation of "ecological" consciousness in medieval Vietnamese women's literature

2.2.2. The problem of "ecology" in Vietnamese women's literature from the early twentieth century to the present

1975 64

2.2.3. The issue of "ecology" in Vietnamese women's literature after 1975 69

2.3. Trends of integration of "ecology" with "feminist" issues 71

2.3.1. Derived from the "refraction" of ecological feminist theory in the West

2.3.2. Derived from the intrinsic nature of women 77

2.4. The formation of ecological feminist discourse in contemporary Vietnamese women's prose 80

2.4.1. From "problem" in literature to "discourse" in literature 80

2.4.2. Conditions for the formation of ecological feminist discourse in female prose

Vietnam 85

2.4.3. Initial achievements and limitations 88

Sub-summary 90

CHAPTER 3. "Nature" AND "WOMEN" THROUGH ART CONSCIOUS AND PERSONALITY OF FEMALE PERSONS IN CONCEPT VIETNAMESE FEMALE PRACTICE 91

3.1. The issue of "Artistic consciousness", "perspective"/"point of view" and "female subject" 91

3.1.1. The rise of the "artistic sense" of female subjects 91

3.1.2. The change of "perspective"/"point of view" of the "female subject" in prose

contemporary female 93

3.2. Similarities in the beauty of "natural" and "female" through the point of view of

female subject 96

3.2.1. Real beauty 96

3.2.2. Natural beauty model 101

3.3. The compatibility between nature and the "second world" in terms of "peripheral" status 105

3.3.1. The term “peripheral” 105

3.3.2. The image of "central" masculinity 107

3.3.3. Woman and nature – embodiment of slavery and “peripheral” position 115

3.3.4. The sharing and understanding of "women" and "nature" from the periphery 136

3.3.5. Courage and resistance of "nature" and "woman" 143

Sub-conclusion 151

CHAPTER 4. "Nature" AND "WOMEN" THROUGH THE ORGANIZATION METHOD IN VIETNAM'S PROS

CONTINUOUS 153

4.1. Female narrative discourse – a means of expressing ecological feminist consciousness in contemporary Vietnamese female prose 153

4.1.1. Female narrative discourse 153

4.1.2. Features of female narrative discourse 153

4.2. Narrative as a popular form of narrative technique 155

4.2.1. Concept of autobiography 156

4.2.2. Narrative “feminine style” – a typical narrative method 160

4.3. Discourse harmony style of the "second world" 175

4.3.1. Mixing monologue and dialogue 175

4.3.2. Blending the narrative discourse, the narrator's description and the narrator's discourse

character 179

4.4. How to create "semi-sphere" and symbols of nature and "second kingdom" 184

4.4.1. Semiotics about the “second world” as a victim of the spatial code

urban 185

4.4.2. Nature and symbols bearing archetype traces 189

Sub-summary 198

CONCLUSION 199

REFERENCES 202

LIST OF AUTHORIZED WORKS Published 216

APPENDIX ................................................ ................................. .................PL1

1. Urgency of the topic

PREAMBLE

As the ecological environment on earth is increasingly threatened, global warming continues to affect all over the planet, our view of the relationship between humans and nature begins to evolve. more comprehensive and comprehensive. The birth of ecological feminist theory was a complement to ecological thinking and social organization, because the domination of women and nature essentially stemmed from an ideology. To liberate both, restructuring and re-evaluating patriarchal values ​​and cultural structures is necessary to promote equality, non-duality and non-hierarchical forms of organization to deliver new social forms.

Eco-feminist criticism was born in the 90s of the twentieth century, when humanity was facing urgent problems: the destruction of the earth's environment and the ongoing gender inequality. smoldering, prolonged. As a development step of eco-feminism, eco-feminist criticism in literature appeared with the emergence of the third wave of feminism, opening a new direction for addressing reproductive risks. attitudes and gender inequality. In Vietnam, eco-feminist criticism and eco-feminist literature are the result of a series of "late reactions" and have not really developed far and wide compared to the world. However, because of its humanity and progress, eco-feminist criticism has a great influence on the aesthetic views, aesthetic interests and aesthetic sense of contemporary Vietnamese literary authors.

Researching contemporary Vietnamese women's prose from the perspective of ecological feminist theory is a practical and important development direction. This shows that writers and critics have begun to grasp the trend of the times in the context of globalization. The study of ecological feminist literary criticism will develop and enrich literary criticism theory, thereby helping writers gain experience in composing, improve their composing level, and promote creativity. development of literature from ecological feminism. From a social perspective, studying literary criticism from ecological feminism will make humanity pay more attention to the intrinsic relationship between the two issues of ecological risk and gender discrimination, consciously harmonious and equal treatment of nature and women.

This promises to open up a world of harmony between man - nature - man - woman and at the same time brings the liberation of artistic consciousness of the female subject of contemporary prose.

From the desire to discover the characteristics and similarities between the "female" and "natural" images in contemporary Vietnamese female prose, reflecting one-sided behavior, prejudice against nature and the human condition. Women of the central male-feminist ideology is taking place silently, persistently and full of unnatural elements, we chose the topic: " Nature" and "female" in contemporary Vietnamese female prose seen from the perspective of women. ecological feminism ” to carry out the thesis. This research direction will contribute to promoting attention to topical and contemporary issues, and at the same time fill in the blank space of ecological feminist criticism in contemporary Vietnamese literature.

2. Research purpose

Studying and applying feminist-ecological theory to reflect and survey the works of contemporary Vietnamese female writers, pointing out the parallel existence and correlation between the "female" and "feminine" images. nature" in terms of beauty, vitality, resistance, and position, thereby affirming the role and position of "nature" and "female" through artistic consciousness, the perspective of female subjects in prose. contemporary Vietnamese women. At the same time, through the narrative discourses emphasizing the femininity of contemporary female writers, we learn about the styles of mixing as well as constructing the discourses of female writers, thereby contributing to raising awareness of women writers. gender as well as alerting people's behavior towards the ecological environment and women.

3. Research object

In the research scope of the thesis, the term contemporary Vietnamese female prose is used with the meaning that the literary life of Vietnamese female authors is taking place today and started around the 80s of the year. twentieth century to distinguish it from modern Vietnamese literature. Such definition of "contemporary" connotation is only relative, not in a "static" state, but in the process of shaping and developing, with profound, fast, strong and complex fluctuations. of Vietnamese literature over the past 40 years and even new experiments have not yet reached their destination.

From defining the connotation of contemporary Vietnamese female prose as above, the research object of the thesis is "nature" and "female" in contemporary Vietnamese female prose viewed from the feminist theoretical paradigm. Ecological. Specifically, the thesis focuses on studying the expression aspects of ecological feminism through artistic consciousness,

perspective of female subjects (female writers) and narrative organization in contemporary Vietnamese female prose. Survey subjects in the thesis include authors and works listed in Appendix 1 .

4. Research scope

The research scope of the thesis is the prose compositions of contemporary Vietnamese female authors, in which the survey subjects are mainly short stories and novels. Basically, ecological feminism issues in contemporary Vietnamese women's prose have been expressed more strongly in the early years of the 21st century until now, therefore, we also focus on surveying more. works published during this period (see Appendix 1).

5. Research Methods

The thesis is carried out in the light of ecological feminist theory with the following main research methods:

- Socio-historical method: In order to understand the origin, development and expression of ecological feminist consciousness in contemporary Vietnamese female prose.

- The structural-systemic method: To shape the basic features of ecological feminist theory and ecological feminist criticism in a system of diverse and even opposing viewpoints.

- Comparative method - type: In order to compare and contrast literature between periods, literature between ethnic groups, and between works of male and female writers, etc., thereby understanding social circumstances. , cultural background, historical period have impacted on literature within the expression of ecological feminist consciousness in the work of some typical female authors. Besides, applying the typological method to find out the general categories, with similarities contained in the ecological feminist literary phenomena, thereby generalizing the criteria, specific characteristics as well as aesthetic effects. of this literature.

- Method of archetypal criticism: Applying this method to find and analyze archetypal natural symbols with stable and universal expressive meaning derived from culture, religion, history history of the nation.

In addition, we also use an interdisciplinary approach to identify theories that are equally correlated with each other in a unified whole, to explain aspects of ecological feminism and some of the following operations. to support

Date published: 13/07/2022
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