accounted for an average rate of 22.95%, occupations in the fields of socio-economic and natural sciences accounted for an average of 12.89% and 9.07%, respectively, and lastly, professions in health, environment schools, others accounted for an average rate of 8.21%. Labor occupations in the fields of agriculture, forestry, fishery and industry account for a large proportion of labor because the labor in these occupations is mainly rural workers, while other occupations are mostly concentrated in urban areas.
2.1.2. Overview of Center for Vocational Education - Continuing Education in Ngan Son district, Bac Kan province
220.127.116.11. History of establishment and development of Center for Vocational Education - Continuing Education in Ngan Son district, Bac Kan province
Implement Joint Circular No. 39/2015/TTLT-BLDTBXH-BGDĐT-BNV dated May 19, 2015 of the Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs, the Ministry of Education and Training, and the Ministry of Home Affairs guiding the merger Vocational training centers, continuing education centers, and district-level public vocational training centers will be transformed into Vocational Education - Continuing Education Centers; functions, tasks, powers and organizational structure of the Center for Vocational Education - Continuing Education.
On July 19, 2016, Chairman of the Provincial People's Committee Ly Thai Hai signed Decision No. 1063/QD-UBND on the establishment of the Center for Vocational Education - Continuing Education of Ngan Son district.
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Right from the very beginning, the Center's Board of Directors and staff have clearly defined the tasks and functions of the unit. Building a center towards quality and effectiveness of vocational training.
18.104.22.168. Mission of Center for Vocational Education - Continuing Education in Ngan Son district, Bac Kan province
Organize training of direct human resources for production, business and services at elementary level, vocational training for less than 3 months; training in the form of vocational tutoring, vocational transmission, vocational training; training and retraining to improve vocational skills for employees in enterprises; fostering and perfecting professional skills for employees; provide vocational training for rural workers and organize the implementation of policies to support primary-level training and training under 03 months.
Organizing the implementation of continuing education programs including: literacy program and continuing education after literacy; educational programs to meet learners' requirements, update knowledge and skills, transfer technology; training and retraining programs to improve professional qualifications; educational program to earn a degree of the national education system.
Career counseling, counseling and job placement for learners; coordinate with junior high schools and high schools in propagating, providing career guidance and streamlining students. Advising employers on labor recruitment, human resource management, labor use and job development; advice on policies; Labor law for employees and employers.
Activities of introducing jobs for employees, supplying and recruiting workers at the request of employers include: Introducing workers who need to find jobs with employers; recruiting workers through entrance exams to select qualified people to meet the requirements of employers; introduce and supply units and enterprises licensed to send Vietnamese workers to work abroad under labor contracts.
Organize the development and implementation of programs, textbooks and learning materials at elementary level, under 3 months for the occupations permitted for training; training and retraining programs to improve professional qualifications, update knowledge and skills, and transfer technology.
Develop recruitment plan, organize enrollment.
Manage the staff, teachers and staff of the center in accordance with the law.
Organization of production labor and technical services for training.
Research and apply scientific topics on vocational education, continuing education and career guidance, testing, application and transfer of new technologies for socio-economic development of the locality.
Organizing teaching and learning activities; inspect and issue certificates according to regulations.
Cooperate with enterprises, organizations, individuals and families of learners in vocational training, continuing education and career guidance; organize for students to visit, practice and practice at enterprises.
Implementing democracy and openness in the performance of vocational training, continuing education and career guidance tasks.
Manage and use land, facilities, equipment and finance in accordance with law.
Create conditions or organize training and retraining for officials, teachers and staff of the center to study and improve their professional qualifications.
Implement periodical and ad-hoc reporting regimes as prescribed. Perform other duties as prescribed by law.
Youth Union & UNION ORGANIZATIONS
BOARD OF MANAGER
22.214.171.124. Organizational structure of the Center for Vocational Education - Continuing Education in Ngan Son district, Bac Kan province
Figure 2.1. Organizational apparatus at the Center for Vocational Education - Continuing Education in Ngan Son district
Source: Center for Vocational Education - Continuing Education in Ngan Son district
* Board of Directors: including 01 Director; 02 Deputy Director.
- The Director is the head of the District Center for Vocational Education - Continuing Education, and is responsible to the District People's Committee, the District People's Committee Chairman and to the law for the entire operation of the Center. Vocational education - District continuing education;
- 02 Deputy Directors who help the Director in directing some aspects of work (specifically, 01 Deputy Director is in charge of vocational training for rural workers; 01 Deputy Director is in charge of Continuing Education) and is responsible to the Director for the assigned tasks. In the absence of the Director, the Deputy Director is authorized by the Director to run the Center's activities and take responsibility before the law for the authorized work.
The Trade Union Executive Committee consists of 01 Deputy Director in charge of Continuing Education as chairman, 02 members: responsible for taking care of and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of officials and teachers in the agency. according to the regulations of the union and related documents.
* Administration Department - Office:
In charge of ethnic affairs; clerical work; secretary of meetings; monitor work mailboxes; in charge of Emulation - Commendation, treasurer; in charge of the accounting work of the unit; examination and education quality accreditation; Legal work; manage vocational training and recurrent expenditures; advise some reports when assigned by superiors.
* Trainning department:
Developing programs and compiling vocational training textbooks for rural workers; develop lesson plans for cultural classes, schedule inspections, and test schedules for classes; inspect and issue certificates according to regulations; synthesize, make statistics and report to the Board of Directors on contents related to the training activities of the Center.
* Admissions Office:
Develop enrollment plans, organize annual enrollment; coordinate with enterprises, communes, towns and related units to survey the vocational training needs of rural workers in the district; prepare reports and statistics related to enrollment for Center leaders.
* Professional group: including Vocational training group and Continuing education group. To assign teachers to teach according to the plan of the Training Department;
attend time and attend training sessions as planned; advise and organize professional activities in service of teaching and learning; Reporting and statistics to the Training Department.
* Youth Unions and mass organizations:
In charge of youth work of the center, in charge of political, ideological and sports activities; in charge of projects related to the following tasks: implementing reporting and statistical regimes as prescribed.
* Classes include vocational classes and cultural classes.
2.2. Current status of vocational training activities for rural workers at the Center for Vocational Education - Vocational Education and Training in Ngan district
2.2.1. Status of recruitment work
The recruitment work is concerned and valued by the Center's Board of Directors and assigned to the Admissions Department to perform the functions related to enrollment. Over the years, the Admissions Department has developed enrollment plans and assigned enrollment targets in batches and annually for each staff member. Based on the training plan and allocated vocational training capital, the center has taken the following steps to recruit students:
- Enrollment is done by year and divided into 2 phases (phase 1 from March to April, phase 2 from November to December).
- Prepare documents and records related to the recruitment process.
- Propaganda and information on recruitment advertising on radio and television stations of districts, communes and townships.
- Coordinating with other departments, branches and mass organizations to carry out recruitment activities such as Youth Union, Women's Union, District Farmers' Union, communes, townships,...
In 2014, the Center enrolled 274 trainees for vocational training, of which 101 (36.86%) were in non-agricultural occupations (including civil electrical engineering, welding engineering, Technical skills in agriculture, food processing, bamboo and rattan skills), the agricultural occupation group has 173 students (63.13%) participating in vocational training (including the skills of growing food crops, growing mushrooms, and growing safe vegetables. , Animal husbandry and veterinary science); Male students accounted for 38.32% (105/274 students) and female students accounted for 61.67% (169/274 students).
In 2015, the Center recruited 291 trainees to participate in vocational training, of which 108 (37.11%) non-agricultural students participated in vocational training (including civil electrical engineering, welding engineering, Technical skills for agriculture, food processing, and bamboo and rattan skills), the agricultural occupation group has 183 students (62.88%) participating in vocational training (including the skills of growing food crops, growing mushrooms, and growing safe vegetables. , Animal husbandry and veterinary science); Male students accounted for 40.89% (119/291 students) and female students accounted for 59.1% (172/291 students).
In 2016, the Center recruited 328 trainees to participate in vocational training, including non-agricultural professions, with 117 (35.67%) trainees participating in vocational training (including civil electrical engineering, welding engineering, Technical skills in agriculture, food processing, bamboo and rattan skills), agricultural occupation group has 2 11 (64.32%) trainees participating in vocational training (including skills in growing food crops, growing mushrooms, and growing safe vegetables. veterinary medicine; Male students accounted for 37.5% (123/328 students) and female students accounted for 62.5% (205/328 students).
From 2014 to 2016, the number of trainees participating in vocational training each year increased by an average of over 20 students, the age group participating in vocational training from 16 to 35 years old accounted for 33.4% (298 students), over 35 years old accounted for 33.4 % (298 students). 66.6% (595 students); Rural workers are ethnic minorities including 878 people (accounting for 98.3%), rural workers are ethnic Kinh people are 15 people (accounting for 1.7%); Male students are 347 people
(accounting for 38.9%) and 546 women (accounting for 61.1%); The education level of rural laborers at primary level is 157 people (accounting for 17.6%), at lower secondary level is 452 people (accounting for 50.6%), and at upper secondary level is 284 people (accounting for 31 people). ,8%).
*Advantages: Basic enrollment work enrolls a sufficient number of students and is relatively distributed in all enrollment professions, relevant departments are proactive in implementing enrollment, preparing courses Admission documents are quite complete and well done in coordinating enrollment with related units.
* Disadvantages: The educational level of the students is uneven, most of the students are over 35 years old, so it is difficult to absorb knowledge, the enrollment coordination between the center and some units such as the Youth Union, the Women's Union are not rhythmic.
2.2.2. Current status of vocational training programs and curricula
From 2014 to 2016, the Center compiled 5 programs and textbooks for non-agricultural occupations (including civil electrical engineering, welding engineering, agricultural engineering, rattan and bamboo engineering, and food processing skills). and 4 non-agricultural vocational training programs and textbooks (including techniques of farming eco-friendly crops, skills of growing safe vegetables, skills of growing mushrooms, skills of animal husbandry).
To develop programs and compile vocational training curricula for rural workers, the Center has followed the guidance of Circulars 42, 43/2015/TT-BLDTBXH dated October 20, 2015 on training regulations. primary level and regular training of the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs and related guiding documents.
In the process of developing vocational training programs and textbooks for rural workers, the Center has invited 4 non-agricultural professional engineers, 3 agricultural professional engineers to participate in 3 compilation councils, 3 professional associations. co-evaluated vocational training programs and curricula and provided 11 written comments to improve the quality of vocational training programs and curricula.
Vocational training programs and textbooks at the elementary level have the rate of 30% theory, 70% practice, the rate of regular vocational training less than 3 months has the rate of 20% of theory, 80% of practice. The percentage of practical teaching content from 70% to 80% helps students perform many practical operations related to reality, thereby contributing to improving the quality of vocational training for rural laborers.
* Advantages: Vocational training programs and textbooks for rural workers have been implemented to ensure the ratio of theory and practice according to guiding documents, program content, and vocational training textbooks using easy-to-understand words. , concise and suitable for subjects participating in vocational training and in accordance with the scientific and technical knowledge required by learners.
* Disadvantages: In the process of developing programs and curricula, the Center has not invited experts and skilled artisans to participate in compiling work to improve the quality of programs and vocational training textbooks for rural laborers. .
2.2.3. Status of teachers' vocational training activities
In the field of vocational training, managers and teachers play a very important role. For vocational training of managers and teachers, in addition to the requirements of pedagogical and professional qualifications, they must also have experience in guiding practice to ensure quality after training. Ensuring quality after training is a condition for workers to easily find jobs, thereby attracting workers to apprentices.