2. Research purposes and tasks
2.1. Research purposes
On the basis of theoretical and practical research on career guidance management and job counseling for students at the College of Statistics, propose measures to manage career guidance and job counseling for students. The school aims to improve the quality of training to meet the requirements of educational innovation.
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2.2. Research mission
2.2.1. Research on the theoretical basis of the management of career guidance and job counseling for college students.
2.2.2. Surveying, analyzing and evaluating the current status of career guidance and job counseling activities for students and managing this activity at the College of Statistics.
2.2.3. Proposing measures to manage career guidance and job counseling for students at the College of Statistics. 3. Research subjects and objects
3.1. Research object Career guidance and job counseling for students at the College.
3.2. Subjects of the study Management of career guidance and job counseling for students at the College of Statistics.
4. Scientific hypothesis
Career guidance and job counseling for students has been interested by the College of Statistics, but there are still some shortcomings and the effectiveness is not high. The management of this activity has not been paid enough attention and the management method is not effective. If it is possible to propose measures to manage career guidance and job counseling for students of the University in accordance with the characteristics of the training professions of the University, overcome the weak stages, and organize synchronous implementation, it will improve the effectiveness of career guidance and job counseling for students of the University, contributing to improving the quality of training.
5. Limit and scope of research
– The topic focuses on researching and proposing measures to manage career guidance and job counseling for students of the College of Statistics of the Student Affairs Department.
– Actual survey data was taken within the last 3 years, 2016, 2017, 2018 of the regular 12th, 13th, and 14th college classes.
– Survey subjects: 118 managers, teachers, CVs and 285 students.
6. Research Methods
6.1. Theoretical research method group
Analyze, synthesize, and systematize scientific documents and relevant documents on career guidance, job counseling, management, educational management, career guidance and job counseling activities. to build the theoretical basis of the research problem.
6.2. Group of practical research methods
– Method of investigation: Using questionnaires to collect opinions of management staff, lecturers and students to collect actual data to assess the current status of management of career guidance and counseling activities. jobs for students at the College of Statistics.
– Interview method: Interview some managers, lecturers, students about career guidance activities, job counseling and management of career guidance and job counseling activities. This method is used to support the survey method.
- Method of summarizing experience in career guidance activities, job counseling and management of career guidance and job counseling activities for students of themselves and other units.
– Methods of product research activities: consulting plan; the school's career counseling program; examine and evaluate the results of career counseling for students of the University.
6.3. Auxiliary method group
Using mathematical statistics to process data, concretized by diagrams and tables
7. Thesis structure
In addition to the introduction, conclusion, recommendations, list of references, table of contents of the thesis are presented in 3 chapters.
Chapter 1 : Theoretical basis of management of career guidance and job counseling for students at College.
Chapter 2 : The reality of managing career guidance and job counseling for students at the College of Statistics .
Chapter 3 : Measures to manage career guidance and job counseling for students at the College of Statistics.
THEORETICAL BASIS OF MANAGEMENT OF ACTIVITIES GUARANTEE AND JOB CONSULTANCY FOR STUDENTS IN COLLEGES
1.1. Research overview on career guidance, job counseling and management of career guidance and employment counseling activities in educational institutions
1.1.1. Research on career guidance and job counseling for learners
Career and employment counseling has a history of birth and development with a thickness of more than 100 years in the world and has become a field of professional practice and policy that is closely integrated in education systems. , training, labor, employment, services and policies of many countries in the region as well as in the world.
In the mid-nineteenth century, in France published the first book "Vocational guidance to choose a profession". The content of the book deals with the diversity and complexity of the career system, the high specialization due to the development of industry and the necessity of helping young people and students in choosing a career. in order to effectively utilize the young workforce.
In 1909, Frank Parsons discussed career guidance for students based on individual abilities, aptitudes, interests, and interests. He established in Boston the Career Council to help workers choose the right career .
From 1918 to 1939, NCKrupskaia had many articles asserting that labor efficiency largely depends on people's suitability for the profession .
At the beginning of the twentieth century, in the US, UK, France and Sweden, vocational service establishments appeared. In Russia, in the early decades of the twentieth century, vocational guidance was very important, as a basis for developing human resources to serve the country's industrialization at that time. Career counseling is interested in most countries around the world due to the growth of industrialization.
In Japan, the author Magumi Nishino at the Japan Educational Research Institute has deeply researched the issue of fostering basic knowledge and skills of necessary occupations for students. According to the author, "To foster knowledge and basic skills of occupations necessary for society, have a respectful attitude towards labor and be able to choose a future career suitable for each individual. " [30, p.49].
In the view of UNESSCO, career guidance requires an assessment based on a combination of educational criteria and a forecast of future personality. Therefore, there is a need for professional career counselors to help students choose appropriate courses, predict academic difficulties and help students solve social problems when needed  .
The author Nguyen Thi Minh Hoa (2007) with the research work "Vocational guidance for students and the problem of using human resources" analyzed the situation of career guidance, the problem of using human resources and confirmed the work orientation. Career for students, helping them find the right career is extremely important, but currently this work has not been paid enough attention. The author gives 5 recommendations for this work .
Author Phan Van Kha in the book "Training and using human resources in the market economy in Vietnam" analyzed the relationship between training and human resource use in the current Vietnamese conditions both in terms of Theoretical and practical aspects with solutions to enhance the match between training and use of human resources .
Author Bui Van Hung has had scientific works such as: Career guidance for students in vocational schools ; Vocational training in vocational schools needs to be linked with enterprises ; Vocational guidance in vocational schools meets the requirements of the labor market ;… the author has analyzed and assessed the current situation of vocational training in vocational schools and proposed solutions to manage vocational education. in vocational schools in order to improve the quality of vocational training to meet the requirements of human resources of the labor market.
Author Pham Minh Hac in his works analyzed the education and training situation in our country and the direction of education and training innovation, and identified the need to build a technical education, which is " The education system is guided by the ideology of serving technology development", in which attention is paid to: "Priority is given to vocational education" .
Author Pham Tat Thang with the topic "Orientation to choose a career and a place to work for students upon graduation" has gone into two aspects: The current situation of students' career orientation after graduation and the orientation of the workplace. student jobs after graduation. Author Nguyen Van Buom with the topic "Current career and employment of students" also mentioned three issues: Student's career choice; Student livelihoods; Employment of students after graduation .
Author Le Duy Hung with the topic "The actual situation of demand for career counseling forms of students in some high schools in Ho Chi Minh City"  has deeply studied the forms of career counseling. career counseling of students and the current situation of demand for career counseling forms of students in some high schools in Ho Chi Minh City.
Author Nguyen Thi Truong Han with the topic "The reality of career counseling in some high schools in Ho Chi Minh City" the author mentioned three issues: career counseling work in Vietnam. high schools, the reality of career counseling and measures to improve the effectiveness of career counseling in some high schools in Ho Chi Minh City .
Author Pham Tat Dong has researched such as: Theoretical and practical basis of career guidance activities; Career interest; Issues about the content and methods of career guidance for students and young people… the author investigated: “Among those who cannot find a job, 85.8% are young people. Of the total number of young people standing out of work, 67.4% do not know the job” [12, p.25]. On that basis, the author proposed: "Focus on forming professional capacity for the young generation to find a job by themselves" [12, p.p.].
Another research direction conducted by the authors Dang Danh Anh, Nguyen Viet Su and colleagues on: Motivation to choose a career; Interested in choosing a career; Job adaptability of apprentices; Youth and occupation; Psychophysiological characteristics of workers of some occupations used as career guidance documents for high school students.
In the study "Some aspects of the current situation of career counseling and guidance in Vietnam" Journal of Psychology No. 5/2009, author Do Thi Le Hang  showed that career counseling has only focused on for high school students, and for university and college students, career counseling still faces many difficulties. Recently, this issue has received more attention. Universities and colleges have also promoted more "job fairs" activities, closely coordinated between businesses and schools in training and recruitment, etc.
At the Conference "Connecting information technology products, services and human resources for the production of Vietnamese-branded IT products and services in 2018" organized by the Ministry of Information and Communications, the Ministry of Industry and Trade in collaboration with the People's Committee Da Nang City held on November 14, 2018, judged that Vietnam's IT human resources have not met the needs of society, the needs of the industrial revolution 4.0, human resources are both redundant and lacking. Human resources in this field are still limited in terms of foreign languages, soft skills and practical skills… The above situation comes from many reasons: the training program is not up to date, the quality of lecturers is still limited, Lack of facilities, lack of participation of enterprises in training... Besides, a very important reason is that vocational guidance from schools to colleges and universities is not focused. Most students still do not understand and answer some specific questions such as: What knowledge and skills do I need to equip to meet my career requirements? What will I be able to do after graduation? How to find a suitable job. Therefore, nowadays, in higher education institutions, colleges and professional secondary schools, the organization of career guidance and job counseling has become an urgent need.
1.1.2. Studies on career management and job counseling for learners
Management of career guidance and job counseling for students is currently a matter of research and development interest by scientists as well as employers.
Until recent years, career management and job counseling in higher education institutions and professional secondary schools have continued to receive attention and research through specialized master's theses and topics. educational administration such as:
"Management of vocational education activities for high school students in Hanoi" by author Le Thi Thu Tra , through the study and survey of the actual situation of career guidance and management activities. Career guidance activities at high schools in Hanoi, on that basis, propose and test a number of measures to contribute to changing a new face in the process of managing career guidance activities for high school students. ; “Management of career guidance for high school students at continuing education centers in Da Nang city. Situation and solutions" by Huynh Thi Tam Thanh . The author mentioned:
Author Bui Van Hung with the topic "Management of vocational education activities in vocational schools towards meeting the requirements of the labor market" ; “Management of vocational education in vocational schools in a new context” . The author delves into the research and evaluation of the current situation of career guidance management in vocational schools; survey the quality of vocational training and get expert opinions on the labor training effectiveness of a number of vocational colleges; propose solutions to manage vocational education activities in vocational schools in order to improve the quality of vocational training to meet the human requirements of the domestic labor market and in the new context.
Author Tran Thuy Anh with the topic "Management of career guidance activities, job counseling for students of the Academy of Educational Management" . The author conducts a practical study on the management of career guidance and job counseling for university students and proposes measures to manage career guidance and job counseling for students of the Academy of Education Management in order to improve high quality training, meeting the requirements of educational innovation; Author Nguyen Quoc Thanh Long with the topic "The current situation of managing vocational education activities of principals in high schools in Binh Chanh district, Ho Chi Minh City" . The author studies the current situation of management of vocational education activities of principals of high schools in Binh Chanh district and proposes solutions to improve the effectiveness of management of vocational education activities of principals of high schools to meet the requirements of vocational training. innovation demand.